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North West Province Information

 


 

The North West province of South Africa was created after the end of Apartheid in 1994. The province includes parts of the former Transvaal province and Cape Province, as well as most of the former Bantustan of Bophuthatswana. The North West Province is bounded on the north by Botswana, on the south by the provinces of Free State and the Northern Cape, and on the northeast and east by the Limpopo Province and Gauteng.

The North West Province of South Africa is generally divided into two regions namely the Bophirima region and the Eastern region.

Mafikeng, is the capital of the North-West Province of South Africa. Mafikeng was originally headquarters of the Barolong tribe of Bechuana. The town was founded in the 1880s by British mercenaries granted land by a Barolong chief. The settlement was named Mafikeng, a local Tswana word meaning "place of stones".

The North West Province consists mostly of flat areas of scattered trees and grassland with the Magaliesberg mountain range extending about 130 km in the northeast region of the province. Almost all of the rainfall in the North West Province occurs during the summer months, between October and April. A large percentage of the people in the North West Province live in the rural areas and the majority of the residents are the Tswana people who speak Setswana. Smaller groups include Afrikaans, Sotho, and Xhosa speaking people with english primarily spoken as a second language.

History of the North West Province

The

North West was created after the end of Apartheid in 1994, and includes parts of the former Transvaal province and Cape Province, as well as most of the former Bantustan of Bophuthatswana. It was recently the scene of political violence in Khutsong, Merafong City Local Municipality. (Merafong has since been transferred to Gauteng province.)


North West Province Geography

 

Much of the province consists of flat areas of scattered trees and grassland. The Magaliesberg mountain range in the northeast extends about 130 km (about 80 miles) from Pretoria to Rustenburg. The Vaal River flows along the southern border of the province.


North West Province Climate

 

Temperatures range from 17° to 31°C (62° to 88°F) in the summer and from 3° to 21°C (37° to 70°F) in the winter. Annual rainfall totals about 360 mm (about 14 in), with almost all of it falling during the summer months, between October and April.

North West Province Economy

 

The mainstay of the economy of North West Province is mining, which generates more than half of the province's gross domestic product and provides jobs for a quarter of its workforce. The chief minerals are gold, mined at Orkney and Klerksdorp; uranium, mined at Klerksdorp; platinum, mined at Rustenburg and Brits; and diamonds, mined at Lichtenburg, Christiana, and Bloemhof. The northern and western parts of the province have many sheep farms and cattle and game ranches. The eastern and southern parts are crop-growing regions that produce maize (corn), sunflowers, tobacco, cotton, and citrus fruits. The entertainment and casino complex at Sun City and Lost City also contributes to the provincial economy

North West Province Education

 

The province has two universities: the University of North West, which was formerly called the University of Bophuthatswana (founded in 1979), in Mmabatho; and Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education (founded in 1869; became a constituent college of the University of South Africa in 1921 and an independent university in 1951). These universities have now merged with the University of North West as name.

North West Province Demographics

 

The majority of the province's residents are the Tswana people who speak Setswana. Smaller groups include Afrikaans, Sotho, and Xhosa speaking people. English is spoken primarily as a second language. Most of the population belong to Christian denominations. (Figures according to Census 2001 released in July 2003). The province has the lowest number of people aged 20 years and older (5,9%) who have received higher education. The literacy rate is in the region of 57%.

North West Province Law & Government

 

The provincial government consists of a premier, an executive council of ten ministers, and a legislature. The provincial assembly and premier are elected for five-year terms, or until the next national election. Political parties are awarded assembly seats based on the percentage of votes each party receives in the province during the national elections. The assembly elects a premier, who then appoints the members of the executive council.


Bophirima

Eastern


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